Prof. Dr.
Fatih ÖKTEM

Tonsil and Adenoid Surgery

Tonsil surgery is usually recommended for patients who have an attack of acute tonsillitis more than five times a year or three times in a row for two years. Other conditions that require surgery can be listed as the patient’s having febrile seizures, having a disease in the heart valve, severe sore throat with chronic tonsillitis and bad breath.

Tonsil surgeries give positive results in the presence of large tonsils in the throat that causes difficulty in swallowing, in patients with an abscess around the tonsils, in people who constantly breathe through their mouths and have complaints of snoring.

Enlargement of the tonsils with the adenoid, especially for pediatric patients;

•Speech disorder,
• Eating difficulties,
• It can cause consequences such as developmental delay. Therefore, it should be treated.
Adenoid surgeries are surgeries performed as a result of the enlargement of the lymph tissue in the nasal cavity at a level that causes nasal obstruction. Surgery, which is called adenoidectomy in medical language, is frequently preferred in patients with adenoid infection requiring antibiotic treatment five times or more a year and in people who experience fluid accumulation in the middle ear.

As with tonsil surgery, oral inhalation in nasal flesh problems can lead to snoring in patients. In particular, obstructive apnea syndrome is a condition that requires adenoid surgery.

Those with adenoid enlargement;

•Speech disorder, chronic lung disease, developmental delay,
• Oral and gingiva diseases,
• Are patients who may be at risk of developmental disorders in the facial bone.

How Is Tonsil Surgery Performed?

Limited surgery is performed by leaving a certain amount of tonsil tissue in the operation performed on patients who do not have a serious complaint but whose tonsils are very large. In this way, the body defence system against microbes is protected.

In surgeries performed to completely remove the tonsils, the tonsils are removed from the relevant area together with their capsules and no tonsil tissue is left. After the procedure, the nutrition program recommended by the doctor should be applied.

In the first two weeks, complaints such as difficulty in swallowing and speaking, earache can be encountered. Liquid foods are usually given for nutrition. It is normal to encounter situations such as odor in the breath, a slight change in the tone of the voice. All complaints of the patient disappear within an average of 2 weeks.

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