Prof. Dr.

Throat Cancer

Among the malignant diseases in the head and neck region, throat cancer takes the first place. It can give early or late symptoms depending on its location in the larynx. In hoarseness lasting more than 3 weeks, the possibility of cancer must be ruled out.

Which Factors Affect The Formation Of Throat Cancer?

Smoking is one of the most important causes of throat cancer. Generally, 90% of patients are smokers. Alcohol use also increases the risk of developing throat cancer. It is estimated that diseases such as reflux and being a carrier of HPV virus also trigger cancer.

What Are The Symptoms Of Throat Cancer?

Throat cancer usually occurs with hoarseness or changes in voice. The complaints continue within an average of 1-15 days. The absence of hoarseness does not mean that the patient does not have throat cancer. In some patients, this complaint occurs in advanced stages. Symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, pain in the ear, feeling like there is a foreign body in the throat, difficulty breathing, pain in swallowing and swelling of the neck can be encountered.

How Is Throat Cancer Treatment Planning Made?

After the general larynx and neck examination of the patient is completed with the help of endoscopic instruments, examinations are carried out on imaging devices such as computed tomography and MRI in case of possible suspicion. Ultrasonography is a preferred method for evaluating lymph nodes in the neck. The tissue taken from the patient with biopsy is examined in the laboratory environment and the diagnosis is made.

How Is Throat Cancer Treated?

Many surgical methods have been developed for the treatment of laryngeal cancers. In early-stage throat cancers, part of the laryngeal cancers, part of the larynx is removed and the surgery is completed. In some of these patients, it may not be necessary to make a hole in the trachea. In the case of advanced cancer, it may be possible to remove the entire larynx. After a permanent hole is made in the neck, radiotherapy is applied in addition to the patient’s surgical process.

The location and stage of the cancer is the primary criterion that determines how the surgeries will be performed. The general purpose of the operations is not to leave any cancer spots in the body, but to ensure that the patient can use the respiratory tract and voice functionally.